West Virginia, who made history as the first US state to use mobile blockchain voting in a midterm election, plans on using the same technology for the 2020 presidential elections. While the state’s first trial was only limited to military voters stationed overseas, the 2020 elections could see statewide implementation.
West Virginia Pioneers Blockchain-Based Voting
In 2018, West Virginia made history by becoming the first US state to use blockchain technology in voting. The state enabled military voters stationed overseas, or UOCAVA voters, to cast their ballot via Android or Apple smartphones, CNN reported in July 2018. While only residents of select West Virginia counties were able to vote this way, the overwhelmingly positive response took officials by surprise.
According to the Federal Voting Assistance Program, only 7 percent of overseas voters turned out for the 2016 presidential election. Donald Kersey, elections director and deputy legal counsel in the West Virginia Secretary of State’s Office, said that out of fewer than 1,000 overseas ballots cast, 144 people voted with the app, but more than 200 additional voters downloaded the app during the midterms.
Kersey said the state hadn’t anticipated these level of interest, as there was no targeted education or strong marketing campaign. “That’s a really good response rate for someone to use a brand new technology,” he added. In an interview with LongHash he elaborated on his future plans for the app:
“Ultimately, the plan is to do it again in the presidential election. We would love for this to become a part of West Virginia’s voting.”
Voatz Voting Platform: Issues, Performance, and Safety
Safety is a primary concern for any voting activity, especially online. Kevin Beaumont, online security researcher took Twitter by tweetstorm when he found multiple abnormalities and insecurities in the Voatz platform.
This is going to backfire. West Virginia are moving to mobile phone voting for this midterm elections – software is a ‘Blockchain voting system’ by “Votez”, a 2018 startup with $2m of funding https://t.co/478mhg4CT6
— Kevin Beaumont 🧝🏽♀️ (@GossiTheDog) August 6, 2018
The tweetstorm highlighted some allegedly grave security concerns, including database credentials being saved in plain text and shared on GitHub, expired SSL certificates, lack of security officers, not being decentralized enough, and their security audit companies denying any relationship with them. With the threat of Russian hacking looming large these are serious concerns.
Though Voatz allegedly has its fair share of problems, it appears that it was able to make voting for military personnel easier. However, their claim that the Voatz app will not function if the app “detects malware in the system” does sound optimistic.
Blockchain Voting Will Never Replace the Sacred Ballot?
Critics were quick to attack the project, with some saying the project lacked sufficient research or security assurances. Other developers have called the project the “Theranos of voting,” alluding to the fact that the entire company might be nothing more than a “money-grab.” This was in line with a large portion of the sentiment on Twitter, where users seemed largely suspicious of Voatz, the startup that provided the technology.
The prevailing question was how can the user be sure that the mobile devices used for voting are secure. Kersey said that the state enabled the app to scan the device for malware (which is an entirely different privacy concern). If it detected a compromised folder or any sort of bug, the app would prevent the ballot from opening.
Voatz also responded to the issue by regularly issuing patches and upgrades, Kersey said. “It’s not a case where the state just blindly trusts that things get done. We stay on them.”
He explained that, for now, West Virginia plans to continue putting votes on a blockchain . However, implementing such a system on a national level will have to wait, he said, as politicians will tend to stay out of it “because of federalism issues.”
Despite the technology’s potential, Kersey doesn’t believe it will replace poll voting. He explained that going to the polling place to cast a ballot represents an important American tradition, one that will need more than a single election to overwrite. However, that process could begin Nov. 3rd, 2020, during the next US presidential election.
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